The Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (SEBI) recent approval for Small and Medium Real Estate Investment Trusts (SM REITs) marks a significant turning point for the Indian real estate market. This decision has the potential to fundamentally change how people invest in real estate, paving the way for a more inclusive and accessible ownership landscape.

A Regulatory Framework for Fractional Ownership

SEBI’s amendments to the REITs Regulations, 2014, have established a regulatory framework specifically designed to support the operation of SM REITs. These trusts differ from conventional REITs by boasting a lower minimum asset value of Rs 50 crore, making them more accessible to smaller investors. However, SEBI has also implemented strict regulations to ensure investor safety. These include mandatory listing requirements, minimum asset thresholds, limitations on net worth, and experience qualifications for sponsors and investment managers.

Furthermore, SEBI has proposed additional regulations specifically for web-based platforms facilitating fractional ownership of real estate assets. This proposal aims to bring such platforms under the purview of Micro, Small, and Medium REITs (MSM REITs) and ensure investor protection.

Boosting Investor Confidence and Diversification

The introduction of SM REITs and the legal framework surrounding fractional ownership are expected to have a positive impact on investor confidence in the Indian real estate market. By enabling fractional ownership of high-value properties, these initiatives open up investment opportunities that were previously inaccessible to many individuals. This can lead to greater financial diversification and potentially attract new investors to the real estate sector.

Challenges and Opportunities of Fractional Ownership

While fractional ownership offers exciting possibilities, it also comes with certain challenges. Potential drawbacks include limited control over the underlying asset, potential liquidity issues, and the possibility of disagreements with co-owners. However, these challenges are outweighed by the benefits, which include:

  • Increased financial diversification: Fractional ownership allows individuals to invest in a wider range of properties, spreading their risk and potentially enhancing their returns.
  • Improved affordability: Fractional ownership makes high-value properties more accessible to smaller investors, lowering the entry barrier to real estate investment.
  • Expert property management: SM REITs typically provide professional management services, ensuring proper upkeep and potentially maximizing returns for investors.

A Transformation in the Making: The Future of Fractional Ownership in India

As the regulatory framework evolves and market participants adapt, fractional ownership is poised to significantly impact the future of real estate investment in India. This shift presents a unique opportunity for:

  • Speculators and investors: Fractional ownership opens up new avenues for investment, potentially offering higher returns and diversification benefits.
  • Builders and developers: The increased demand for fractional ownership properties can create new market opportunities for developers and builders.
  • The real estate sector as a whole: The democratization of real estate investment through fractional ownership can lead to a more inclusive, dynamic, and efficient market.


SEBI’s decision to allow SM REITs and the development of a regulatory framework for fractional ownership mark a pivotal moment for the Indian real estate industry. These initiatives have the potential to unlock new investment opportunities, boost investor confidence, and fundamentally change how people own and invest in real estate in India. As the regulatory environment and market practices continue to evolve, fractional ownership is likely to become a major force in shaping the future of the Indian real estate landscape.

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Abhijeet Singh, an adept editor at Atom News, specializes in travel and cultural affairs. With a global perspective and a flair for storytelling, Abhijeet brings diverse perspectives to our readers, making Atom News a go-to source for enriching travel narratives.