Examine the subtle differences between the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) 2019 and 2024 electoral results, including the move from 224 seats with more than 50% of the vote in 2019 to 156 seats in 2024. This thorough examination clarifies how India’s political environment is changing and what that means for coalition dynamics, policymaking, and governance.


With an astounding 303 seats won in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) achieved a historic win. Approximately 224 seats, or a sizable number of these victories, were won with more than 50% of the vote, demonstrating the broad support and belief in the party’s leadership and objectives. But since then, a lot has changed in the political scene; the 2024 elections, for example, saw a change in the BJP’s electoral performance. Even though the BJP won 240 seats in the most recent election, its lead in terms of total seats and vote share has decreased; just 156 seats were won with more than 50% of the vote. This essay seeks to provide a thorough analysis of this change by looking at its fundamental causes, political ramifications for India, and prospects for the future.

Evolution of BJP’s Electoral Performance

The last ten years of the BJP’s electoral campaign have been marked by unexpected victories and cunning moves. From its overwhelming win in the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 to its historic victory in 2019, the party has continuously increased its political presence throughout the nation. In particular, the 2019 elections demonstrated the strength of the BJP’s electoral apparatus and its capacity to win a comfortable majority in the Lok Sabha.

224 of the 303 seats that the BJP won in 2019 were overwhelmingly obtained with more than 50% of the vote share. This incredible accomplishment demonstrated the party’s broad appeal to voters and its capacity to convert support into electoral triumphs. On the other hand, a number of political issues and advancements during the next years have affected the BJP’s election results.

Comparative Analysis: 2019 vs. 2024 Elections

The BJP’s performance in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections was notably different from its past electoral showing, indicating a change in India’s political environment. With 240 seats, the BJP was able to hold onto power in the centre, but it was short of its previous total of 303 seats. Furthermore, there was a noticeable decrease in the allocation of seats holding more than 50% of the vote.

Just 156 of the 240 seats the BJP won in 2024 with a majority of the vote were obtained with more than 50% of the vote. This shows how far the party has declined from its 2019 performance and highlights the difficulties the BJP faces in retaining its hegemony in the polls. The decrease in seats with more than 50% of the vote points to a change.

Factors Contributing to BJP’s Vote Share Decline

The BJP’s drop in the vote share in the 2024 elections could have been caused by a number of factors. First, voter views and preferences may have been influenced by socioeconomic concerns including inflation, unemployment, and agricultural misery. Additionally, voter mood may have been significantly influenced by concerns about public health, national security, and governance.

Furthermore, the electoral results in some constituencies can have also been impacted by local and regional dynamics. The party’s performance might have been adversely affected by the rise of powerful regional parties and alliances as well as anti-incumbency sentiments towards the BJP in certain states. Moreover, voter behaviour and election turnout may have been impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak and its socioeconomic effects.

Implications for Indian Politics

The political climate in India is significantly affected by the BJP’s declining vote share. First of all, it emphasises how Indian democracy is dynamic and how various forces interact to determine election results. There is increased competition in politics as other parties fight for influence and power, as seen by the BJP’s declining dominance in terms of vote share.

Moreover, BJP’s outreach and electoral strategy may need to be reassessed in light of the party’s declining vote share. It emphasises how crucial it is to successfully meet the problems and goals of voters, especially in light of shifting political and socioeconomic environments. Furthermore, the change in voter preferences might cause political parties to realign and form new alliances, which would change the political landscape at both the federal and state levels.

Future Outlook

In the future, it will be critical for the BJP to adjust to these shifting circumstances and improve its communication with voters. The party needs to figure out what is causing its vote share to drop and come up with plans to make up ground. Furthermore, in order to improve their chances of winning elections and influence the course of Indian politics going forward, other political parties will need to take advantage of these changes.

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Riya Sen, an experienced editor at Atom News, is passionate about health and politics reporting. Riya Sen commitment to promoting well-being and highlighting political developments adds a valuable dimension to our coverage, ensuring our readers stay informed and engaged in current affairs.